Tsamaiso ea A-to-Z ea Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) dzięki Likhoebo tsa Inthanete

Ho theha kamano ho hloka hore motho a tšepe ‘me sena se matla haholo bakeng sa eo mahlakoreng a mabeli a nang le’ ona a ke keng a kopana le eena. Tšepa Inthaneteng ke e ‘ngoe ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa, haholo-holo haeba kamano eo e le transakcyjny; moo ho amehang chelete. Esita le ho teba ho feta ha e le hantle ke hore Lintlha ke khauta e ncha, hoo e batlang e le ntho e ‘ngoe le e’ ngoe eo re e etsang ka letlooa e lokela ho sireletseha.


Ho haha ​​kamano eo ea ho tšepa ha ho bonolo, empa ho bile le khatello e ntseng e eketseha beng ba marang-rang ba ho etsa tikoloho e lumellang basebelisi ba bona hore ba ikutloe ba sireletsehile. Li-certyfikat tsa SSL ke mokhoa o le mong oa bohlokoa oa ho etsa sena, kaha li tiisetsa basebedisi ba hore kgokahanyo eo ba nang le eona ho websaete ena e sireletsehile.

Bakeng w mosebeletsi oa ho qetela, tsohle tseo ba li hlokang ho tiisa sena ke letšoao le bonolo le bontšitsoeng ho sebapali in bona. Bakeng w beng ba marang-rang, ho thata haholo, empa ha ho hlokahale hore e be.

Se sireletsehileng Sockets Layer (SSL) ke eng?

Protokół SSL ke ea ts’ireletso i tiisetsang basebelisi hore kamano pakeng tsa khomphuta ea bona le sebaka seo ba se etileng se sireletsehile. Nakong ea kgokahanyo, boitsebiso bo bongata bo feta pakeng tsa lik’homphieutha tse peli, ho kenyelletsana le seo e ka bang dintlha tse ngata tsa lekunutu, tse kang dinomoro tsa karete ea mokitlane, linomoro tsa boitsebisa ba mase

Tlas’a maemo a tloaelehileng, dintlha tsena di romelloa ka mokhoa o hlakileng, e leng se bolelang hore haeba kopano e ka amoheloa ke motho e mong, data eo e ka utsuoa. SSL e thibela sena ka ho laela kemiso ea ho kenyeletsa ho kenyeletsa ho sebelisoa nakong ea ho amana le lipheletsong tse peli.

Setšoantšo se sefubelu, kapa setšoantšo se tala se fetohile letšoao la tiiso ho basebedisi ba hore websaeteng eo ba e etileng ba nka ts’ireletso ea bona ka botebo.

Tlhahiso ea SSL ho li-browser tse fapaneng.

Ke hobane’ng ha re hloka Certificate ea SSL?

Qalong potso e tloaelehileng eo motho a ka e botsang ke "Aby ustawić protokół SSL".

„Me karabo e tloaelehileng e tla ba ‘ho itšetlehile ka”. Ha e le hantle, ke hobane’ng ha marang-rang a hlokeng ho sebetsana le litaba tse amanang le lichelete tse hlokahalang a lokela ho sireletseha haholoanyane?

Ka bomalimabe, joalokaha ho boletsoe pejana, lilemo tsa digital li boletse hore ntle le chelete ea kapele, bahlaseli kajeno ba se ba ntse ba qala ho latela boitsebiso ba bona.

Google Factor

Ha u hlokomela sena, ho qala ka July 2018, Google e tla be e ngola maqephe ohle a HTTP a sireletsehileng. Sena ke sa bohlokoa ho hlokomela, hobane se bolela hore libaka tseo ho nkoang hore ha li sireletsehile ke Google li ka ‘na tsa e-ba le kotlo ea boemo ba ho batla. Liwebsaete lia atleha ka sephethephethe ‘me ha u sa bontše hothathamong ea Google, joale u ke ke ua fumana lintho tse ngata mabapi le sephethephethe in marang-rang.

Theko ho tloha ho 36,75 $ / selemo

Theko ho tloha ho 8,88 USD / miesięcznie

Theko ho tloha ho 14,95 $

Theko ho tloha ho 75,15 $ / selemo

Theko ho tloha ho 175 $ / miesięcznie

Theko ho tloha ho 149 $ / miesięcznie

Theko ho tloha ho 59,99 USD / miesięcznie

SSL ea mahala: A re ke re ngollaneng

Bakeng sa lōna ba sebetsang libaka tsa Botho kapa tsa ho itlosa bolutu, kapa ntho efe kapa efe eo e seng ea khoebo, ho na le tsoa bakeng w hau leha e le efe i amohelehang ho Google.

A re ke re kenye ke CA e tšeptjoang e bulehileng le e sa sebelisoeng (). Ka bomalimabe, e fana feela ka li-domain-kapa DNS-tse tiisitsoeng tse se nang merero ea ho atolosa sena ho OV kapa EV. Sena se bolela hore litifikeiti tsa bona li ka tiisa mong’a tsona feela, eseng k’hamphani e tšoereng. Haeba u sebaka w khoebo, seo ke sona se ka sehloohong.

Ha re Encrypt e hlophisitsoe pele ho likhamphani tse ling tsa ho amohela (ka mohlala – SiteGround ‘me GreenGeeks). Dowiedz się więcej o Letlapa la Encrypt Free SSL, ho molemo ho amohela le e mong oa mabotho ana a rang.

Letšoao Tlosa SSL i lokolohile le litlaleho tsohle tsa ho tsamaisa le ho kenngoa ka auto ho libaka tsohle le SiteGround.

Basebelisi ba ka fetohela ho HTTPS (ba sebelisa Let Encrypt at Siteground) ka ho tobetsa tse ‘maloa feela tse bonolo.

Ho hlahloba litekanyetso tsa hau tse sa lefelloeng A re kope likoti tsa SSL ho SiteGround, lub Kenen ho canel> Bezpieczeństwo> Menedżer SSL / TLS> Likoti (CRT).

Ho qala ho tloha ka 29 marca 2018, Let’s Encrypt Wildcard SSL e kenyelelitsoe (mahala) libakeng tsohle tsa SiteGround tsa ho amohela litaba. Sena e ka ba nako ea pholosa beng ba sebaka w wielu domenach mathe li-domenowych (mail.domain.com, billing.domain.com, joalo-joalo). Ithute ho eketsehileng tlhahlobisong ea ka ea SiteGround.

Kamoo u ka kenya Certificate ea SSL kateng

Ho kenia SSL za pośrednictwem cPanel

Litsela:

  1. Tlas’a likhetho tsa „Tshireletso”, tobetsa „SSL / TLS Manager”
  2. Tlas’a „kenya le ho boloka SSL”, khetha „Laola maqephe a SSL”
  3. Kopitsa khoutu ea hau ea setifikeiti e kenyeletsang – BEGIN CERTIFICATE– le –END CERTIFICATE- mme u e kenye tšimong ea "Certyfikat: (CRT)".
  4. Tlanya „Autofill ka Certificate”
  5. Kopitsa le ho kenya letšoao la li-certificate (pośrednie certyfikaty) (pakiet CA) ka lebokose le tlas’a Pakiet urzędu certyfikacji (CABUNDLE)
  6. Tobetsa „Kenya Certificate”

* Tlhokomeliso: Haeba o sa sebelise aterese ea IP e ikemiselitseng o tla tlameha ho khetha e le nngwe ho tswa ho Menu Adres IP.

Ho Kenii SSL w Plesku

Litsela:

  1. Eya ho liwebsaete tsa Webo le Domain mme u khethe hore, który rata ho kenia setifikeiti w hore,.
  2. Tlanya „Boloka Sechaba sa Hao”
  3. Tlas’a karolo ea „Fumana Li-Certificate Files”, tobetsa „Browse” „me u khethe setifikeiti le lifaele tsa CA tse ling tse hlokahalang.
  4. Tobetsa „Romela Lifaele”
  5. Khutlela ho ‘liwebsaete le libaka’ me u tobe ho ‘li-setting tsa Hosting’ bakeng in domain eo lub kenyang setifikeiti ho eona.
  6. Tlas’a „Ts’ireletso”, ho lokela ho ba le menu e theoha ho uena hore u khethe setifikeiti.
  7. Etsa bonnete ba hore lebokose la „SSL Support” le hlahlojoa.
  8. Etsa bonnete ba hore o tobetsa „OK” ho boloka liphetoho

Ho netefatsa hore na kopo ea hau e atlehile, u ka sebelisa sena sesebelisoa w Mahala w SSL.

Ntlafatsa li-link tsa hau tsa marang-rang

Haeba u sheba li-link tsa hau tsa marang-rang ea hau u tla hlokomela hore bohle ba sebelisa HTTP. Ho totobetse hore tsena li hloka ho ntlafatsoa ho li-link tsa HTTPS. Hona joale ka mehato e seng mekae re tla u bontša tsela ea ho etsa sena lefatšeng ka bophara u sebelisa mokhoa oa ho khutlela morao.

Leha ho le joalo, ke mokhoa o motle oa ho ho ntlafatsa li-link tsa hau tsa ka hare ho tloha HTTP ho ea ho HTTPS.

Haeba u na le websaeteng e nyenyane e nang le maqephe a seng makae a lokelang ho nka nako e telele haholo. Leha ho le joalo haeba lub na le maqephe a makholo ho tla nka lilemo e le hore u ka ba molemo ho sebelisa sesebelisoa sa ho etsa sena ho boloka nako. Haeba sebaka sa hau w marang-rang se ntse se le ka boitsebiso, etsa batla ditshwantsho tsa ditshwantsho mme lub sebedise ho sebelisa script en en mahala

Hlahisa li-link tse bontšang sebaka sa hau sa hau

Hang ha o fetela ho HTTPS haeba u na le liwebsaete tse ka ntle tseo u li tsebang li tla be li supa phetolelo ea HTTP. Re tla be re theha redirection ka nako e seng mekae, empa haeba ho na le marang-rang leha e le afe a ka ntle moo o laolang porofete ea hau joale o ka ntlafatsa URL ho supa phetolelo ea HTTPS.

Mehlala e metle ea tsena e ne e tla ba litlaleho tsa hau tsa litaba tsa sechaba le lihlopha tse ling tseo u ka li ngolang moo u nang le leepephe la profile le tlas’a taolo ea hau.

Przekierowanie Setjha 301

Ho lokile ho kena hanyenyane mme haeba u sa kholisehe ka mofuta ona oa ntho e itseng joale ke nako ea ho fumana soo ea litsebi. Ke ntho e ntle ka ho toba ebile ha e nke nako e ngata ha e le hantle, empa u hloka feela ho tseba seo u se etsang.

Ka 301 Przekieruj seo u se etsang u bolella Google hore leqephe le itseng le fetiselitsoe ho aterese e’go. Tabeng ena u tla bolella Google hore mangolo afe kapa afa a HTTP seting haa e se e le HTTPS kahoo e khutlisetsa Google ho maqephe a nepahetseng.

Przygotuj się na Bangata za pośrednictwem Linux web ho tšoara sena sena se tla etsoa ka faele ea .htaccess (bona khoutu e tlase mona – ho latela tlhahiso ea Apache).

NazwaSerwera www.example.com Tsamaisa hape "/" "https://www.example.com/"

Ntlafatsa CDN ea SSL ea hau

Ha e le hantle sena ke mohato oa boithaopo hobane hase bohle ba sebelisang CDN. CDN e emetse tlhahiso ea Treść Dostawa mme ke li-server tse arolelano libakeng tse fapaneng tse bolokang likopi tsa lifaele tsa hau tsa marang-rang ‘me li li hlahisa ho baeti ba hau ba tsoang sevareng se haufi le sebaka le ba ho nt li le jereng ka lona.

Hape hammoho le ntlafatso ea ts’ebetso, CDN e ka fana ka ts’ireletso e ntlafetseng kaha li-server li khona ho hlokomela le ho khetholla sephethephethe se kotsi ebe se khaotsa ho fihla ho websaeteng ea hau.

Mohlala o CDN i tloaelehileng ke Cloudflare.

Ho sa tsotellehe hore na ke tsela efe, mpa u botsa k’hamphani ea hau ea ho amohela haeba u sebelisa CDN. Haeba u sa tsamaee hantle, tsoela pele ho ea mohato or latelang.

Haeba ho joalo o hloka ho iteanya le CDN mme u ba botse litaelo tsa ho ntlafatsa SSL ea hau e le hore tsamaiso ea bona ea CDN e elelloe.

Liphoso tsa tloaelo tsa SSL tsa tloaelo le tharollo e potlakileng

Certyfikat ea 1- SSL i sa tšeptjoang

Hoo e ka bang li-browser tsohle tse sebelisoang joaloka tse kang Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, ‘me Apple Safari li hahiloe ka li-depositors tse sebelisetsoang ho tseba SSL Certyfikaty tse tšeptjoang.

Haeba o fumana molaetsa o bolelang hore sebaka se na le lengolo le w tšeptjoang, itlhokomele kaha ho ka etsahala hore ebe setifikeiti se teng ha sea saenngoa ke CA e tšeptjoang.

2 – Ustaw SSL w najświeższym miejscu

Hangata phoso ena e bakoa ke Seteiti w SSL, jeśli wiesz, jak działa. Liphuso nakong ea ts’ebetso ea ho kenya li ka lebisa ho liphoso tse ling tsa khokahanyo tsa SSL. Ho lokela ho ba le ‘ketane ea tšepo’ho bolelang hore likarolo tsohle tse hlokahalang ha ho ngoloa ka molao li lokela ho sebetsa li w sebetse.

Haeba u le mong’a marang-rang „me u kopana le phoso ena, lekarze ho bua ka karolo eo ke e koaheleng”.

3- Mathata le Li-Certificate tsa Boithaopo

Ho thibela litaba tsa SSL, ba bang ba marang-rang ba iketsetsa mangolo a SSL. Sena se ka khoneha, empa u se ke ua etsa phapang e kholo kaha e ke ke ea teenoa ke CA e tšeptjoang. Nako feela eo litifikeiti tsa hau tse ngolisitsoeng li ka sebelisoang li le tikolohong ea tlhahlobo kapa nts’etsopele. Li-site tse nang le litifikeiti tse saenetsoeng li ke ke tsa bontšoa e sireletsehile.

4- Liphoso tse kopantsoeng tsa Likahare

Włącz ke oba ba ba oba. Uzyskaj certyfikat Li tsa SSL, wybierając lokalny język sebetsa, leqephe le leng le le leng le leng le ho kenya saete w hau i lokal ho ba le le HTTPS e hokahanngoa. Sena ha se akarelletse feela maqephe, empa le litšoantšo le litokomane. Haeba lekhasi le le leng le se na HTTPS le hokahanngoa, setša se tla kopana le phoso i tsoakaneng ea litaba ebe e khutlela ho HTTP.

Ho qoba matata ana, etsa bonnete ba hore li-link tsa hau kaofela li ntlafatsoa ka li-link tsa HTTPS.

fihlela qeto e

Qetellong ea letatsi, Li-Certificate tsa SSL ke boemo ba ho hlōla. E, e ka ‘na ea re qobelloa ke likhoebo tse kholo tse kang Google, empa ho hlile ho hlile ho fokotseha haholo.

Bakeng sa theko e nyenyane, o ka tiisetsa bareki ba ts’ireletso ea lintlha tsa bona le boinotši. Bareki ka lehlakoreng le leng, ba ka boela ba ba le le tumelo theknoloji ea digital, tšimo e ntseng e eketseha haholo ke Hakerzy, Spamerzy le tse ling tsa Cyberprzestępcy.

eCommerce ke e ‘ngoe ea litšehetso tse kholo tsa moruo oa digital le ho soitse ho eketsa khoebo ea moeli ho feta leha e le neng pele. Ka ho boloka boitsebiso bo sireletsehile, e le beng ba marang-rang u ka kenia letsoho ho sireletsehileng Inthaneteng hape.

Qetellong, ha u khetha SSL ea hau, lekarze ho qoba feela ho boloka leihlo la hau ka theko ‘me u etse sohle seo u ka se khonang ho khutlela lentsoeng le le leng le bonolo ha u ikutloa u lahliloe kapa u ferekanngoa; Tšepa.

Jeffrey Wilson Administrator
Sorry! The Author has not filled his profile.
follow me
    Like this post? Please share to your friends:
    Adblock
    detector
    map